CALCIO STORICO FIORENTINO

Florence | 2015

Florentine Soccer has ancient origins. The first instance of a recreational activity involving a ball dates to Homeric poems. Greeks played a game called “Sfermomachia” that was later adopted by the Romans army, transforming it into a type of training for their warriors “harpastum”, literally to rip off. Most likely played by two even – numbered teams, on the sandy ground using a large ball stuffed with rags or leather, the only objective was to get ball into the opponent's field, by any means. Competition was a continuous body to body, head to head combat for the possession of the ball. It had a big success among warriors who spread it throughout the Roman Empire. It's not ruled out that this could have been taking place even in 58 A.D. , during the founding of Fiorenza (historic Florence), by retired warriors and their families. It's certain that, in the second half of the 5th century, soccer had become so widespread among young Florentines, that they frequently practiced it in every street and square of the city. A later re-organization of the game, during the rule of the Medici dynasty, lead Florentines to attempt their own real matches. Teams boasted grandiose names of nobles, notable figures in the city life from the most powerful families in Florence. Games were only organized during the carnival period.